Fruit

Pear (Period)

Pear (Period)

The term “fruit”, as it is used in heraldry, denotes the seed-pod of most plants; the term is specially reserved for the edible portions of those plants.  A full plant or tree shown bearing such fruit may be blazoned “fructed”.

 

Any fruit known to period Europeans may be used in Society armory – though, if the fruit is not itself European, its use is considered a step from period practice.  (An exception would be made for non-European fruit actually used in period European armory, but no examples have been adduced.)  Examples of fruit found in period armory include cherries, in the arms of Cheriton, c.1436 [Parker 104]; pears, in the arms of Perello, Visconte de Rodes, 1366 [Gelre 63]; peaches, in the badge of Pechey, d.1522 [Hope 191], &c.

Cluster of ash keys (Accepted)

Cluster of ash keys (Accepted)

Hazelnut (Period)

Hazelnut (Period)

In general, those fruits that hang from a stem – i.e., those that grow from a tree or a vine – are shown with stem to chief by Society default; while those that grow from the ground are shown with the stem to base by Society default.  Thus apples, strawberries, bunches of grapes, pears, &c, have stems to chief, while artichokes, ears of wheat, &c, have stems to base.  There are numerous exceptions, of course:  one such is the “hazelnut” or “filbert”, with its stem to base, as found in the canting arms of Haseley or Hasley, 1431 [DBA3 417].

A few notable Society usages:  “Ash keys” are the fruits of the ash tree; the illustration shows clusters of ash keys dependent from their branches.  By Society convention, a “strawberry proper” is gules:  its slipping and leaving, if any, is vert, and its seeds may be Or or sable at the artist’s discretion.  A “chili pepper proper” is red with a green cap, by Society convention (and carries the step from period practice mentioned above).

The illustrations show a pear, a cluster of ash keys, and a hazelnut.  For specific entries, see:  acorn, apple, clove, garlic, grain, grapes, hops, leek, mushroom, pine cone, pomegranate, poppy boll, turnip.  See also cornucopia, garb, slip.

Deborah the Dextrous bears:  Argent, three artichokes vert.

Kathryn Perry bears:  Azure, three pears Or.

Cecily Pykerynge bears:  Or, three strawberries proper.

Anne of Threadneedle Street bears:  Azure, a chevron erminois cotised engrailed on the outer edges argent between two leaved ash branches fesswise reversed, dependent from each a cluster of ash keys, and a domestic cat couchant Or.

Alice Gardener bears:  Vert, six peapods Or.

Tomas de Luna bears:  Or, a radish bendwise gules leaved vert and a bordure rayonny gules.

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