Escarbuncle (Period)

Escarbuncle (Period)

An escarbuncle is a stylized heraldic charge, representing the boss and reinforcing bars on a shield.  It is normally of eight spokes, with the ends fleury, as in the illustration; this form is found very early, in the arms of the Counts (later Dukes) of Cleves, c.1275 [Asp2 190; also Gelre 93].  Escarbuncles of six are also found in period arms, as well as pometty ends; such cases are explicitly blazoned.  (Sometimes, the default fleury ends are explicitly blazoned as well.)

Escarbuncles may also be constructed by conjoining other charges:  the arms of the Kings of Navarre, from the mid-14th Century, had an escarbuncle of chains.  In Society heraldry, other charges have been employed as well:  an “escarbuncle of six swords, conjoined at the points”, for example.

See also mullet, sheaf, snowflake.

The King of Æthelmearc bears:  Gules, an escarbuncle argent within a laurel wreath and in chief a coronet Or.

Lorna of Leeds bears:  Or, an escarbuncle of six flory azure.

Alicia of Ravenserespourne bears:  Sable, three escarbuncles one and two Or.

Ferran de Montfery bears:  Argent, an escarbuncle of six spears offset deasil gules.

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