Cross: Santiago

Cross of Santiago (Period)

Cross of Santiago (Period)

The “cross of Santiago”, or “cross of St. James”, is the insignia of the Knights of Santiago, an Iberian order founded in 1170 [Spada’s Onori e Glorie: Sovrano Militare Ordine, p.61].  It is also blazoned a cruz espada (“sword-cross”) in Iberian armory; it’s considered a highly ornamental form of the cross flory fitchy.  The Portuguese and Spanish had slightly different forms; the illustration shows a 16th C. Spanish form.

Ximena Yannez de Talavera bears:  Per chevron azure and vert, three crosses of Santiago Or.

Cristóbal Vázquez de Narriahondo bears:  Per pale azure and argent, a cross of Santiago counterchanged.

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