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Quadrant

Quadrant (Accepted)

Quadrant (Accepted)

A quadrant is a period astronomical instrument used for measuring elevation from the horizon.  It consists of a graduated quarter-circle (hence the name) with a movable index and a sight; an example with heraldic interest is a horary quadrant engraved with the badge of Richard II, 1399 [Marks & Payne 35].  For related charges, see astrolabe, sphere, sundial.

Iosif of Novgorod bears:  Sable, on a bend sinister embattled counter-embattled argent between in chief three estoiles and in base a quadrant Or, a scarpe gules.

Christoforo Antonio Passavanti bears:  Sable, a quadrant Or.

Gosfrei Kempe bears as a badge:  Or, a quadrant gules.

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Quill of yarn; Spindle

Quill of yarn (Period)

Quill of yarn (Period)

Empty embroiderer's quill (Period)

Empty embroiderer’s quill (Period)

A quill of yarn is a cover for a spindle, onto which thread or yarn is wound; it can then be easily removed for use.  Mundanely, it’s also known as an “embroiderer’s quill”.  The blazon should include reference to yarn or embroidery, to help distinguish it from a “quill pen”.

The quill of yarn is a period charge, dating to 1558 in the arms of the Worshipful Company of Broderers [Bromley & Child 31].  It’s palewise, and wound with yarn, by default.  There are instances in mundane armory of empty quills, without yarn, such as the arms of von Haren, 1605 [Siebmacher 147], but the fact is always blazoned.

Spindle (Period)

Spindle (Period)

The “spindle” itself is also found, the winding piece of a spinning wheel.  It’s drawn as a slender cone wound with thread or yarn; it’s found in the arms of Hobby, 1610 [Guillim1 204], where it’s blazoned as a “fusile upon a slipper”.

For related charges, see drop-spindle, lace bobbin, spool of thread.  See also distaff, shuttle (weaver’s).

Katharina die Schneiderin bears:  Vert, a bend wavy between two quills of yarn Or.

Molda ókristna Starradottír bears:  Vert, three yarn quills argent threaded Or.

Maud verch Howell bears as a badge:  Per bend sinister sable and argent, on a bend counterchanged, two spindles palewise gules and Or.

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Quintain

Quintain (Accepted)

Quintain (Accepted)

A quintain is a target for tilting practice, consisting of a post with a pivoted crosspiece, armed with a wooden shield, and often a sandbag for counterbalance.  The rider would attempt to strike the quintain with his lance as he rode by; missing the shield would leave it in the rider’s path, but striking at too slow a speed would cause the sandbag to clout the rider as it swung around!  Though a period artifact, the quintain does not appear in period armory; the illustration is taken from a 14th Century psalter [Barber & Barker, Tournaments, p.27].

Lorenzo Quintain bears:  Argent, a quintain armed to dexter with a sword bendwise and to sinister with a shield, gules.

Philip Rufus Kennard bears:  Erminois, a quintain gules and a base nebuly vert.

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Quiver

Quiver with two arrows (Period)

Quiver with two arrows (Period)

A quiver is a container that allows for the protection of and easy access to arrows.  It’s found in the arms of Loyd, 1632 [Guillim2 336].  The quiver is palewise by default.  If the quiver contains arrows, the fact must be blazoned; the illustration shows a quiver with two arrows.

Tsunetomi Todomu bears:  Sable, a Japanese quiver with two arrows within a bordure argent.

Elizabeth Wingfield bears:  Per pale and per chevron gules and Or, a quiver holding two arrows sable.

Malcolm Hogg bears:  Per chevron sable and vert, three quivers each with two arrows argent.

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